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Scale-up of Diesel Autothermal Reformer from 5 kWe to 30 kWe for Naval Applications

Primary Information


Security & Defence

Project No.


Sanction and Project Initiation

Sanction No:

Sanction Date: 00/00/0000

Project Initiation date: 19/08/2017

Project Duration: 36

Partner Ministry/Agency/Industry

1. Ministry of Human Resource and Development 2. NMRL - under Defense Research and development organisation


Role of partner:1. Advise on the manufacturing of the coated reactor -Overheating -High-pressure operation 2. Non-premixed vs. pre-mixed reaction -Higher conversion + low soot formation vs. safety considerations -High pressure operations 3. Reactor assembly fabrication and setup


Support from partner:

Principal Investigator

PI Image

Dr. Atul BhargavPrimary
IIT Gandhinagar

Host Institute


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Dr. Vinod Narayanan
IIT Gandhinagar


Scope and Objectives

1. To design, fabricate and test individual components of 30 kWe non-catalytic diesel autothermal reformer. 2. To optimize placement of secondary steam injection for increased performance of the reactor. 3. To optimize the reformer performance of 30 kWe reformer system for steady-state conditions at 0-20 bar pressures via built-in control strategies tolerant to feed fuel variation. 4. To modify the reformer system for thermal integration and optimize the integrated reformer system at 0-20 bar pressures for steady state conditions. 5. To demonstrate a working prototype for 30 kWe diesel reformer system


1. Fully assembled and a working prototype of both 5 kWe and 30 kWe diesel auto-thermal reforming system. 2. Obtain optimized operating parameters for Auto-thermal reforming such as Steam to Carbon Ratio, Oxygen to Carbon Ratio and Air Ratio for maximum Hydrogen Production.




Scientific Output



Results and outcome till date

1. Process and Instrumentation diagram for Entire system has been created. 2. Cool Flame vapouriser has been designed and optimum operation point obtained after tests on proof of concept prototype. 3. Procurement of Parts required to build the final prototype underway.


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Societal benefit and impact anticipated


Next steps

1. Complete Procurement of various systems & parts for the prototype. 2. Assembly of various subsystems and building of the final prototype. 3. Running the Setup and obtain steady-state operation. 4. Obtain optimized operation parameters through continuous testing and Data Collection.

Publications and reports




Scholars and Project Staff


Challenges faced

1. Difficulty in procurement of parts due to low quantity requirement and extreme operating condition requirements and subsequent delay in delivery of items. 2. Difficulty in finding Fabricators who can manufacture custom designed parts of good quality.

Other information


Financial Information

  • Total sanction: Rs. 18607680.00

  • Amount received: Rs. 13950000.00

  • Amount utilised for Equipment: Rs. 2839029.00

  • Amount utilised for Manpower: Rs. 700800.00

  • Amount utilised for Consumables: Rs. 2436442.00

  • Amount utilised for Contingency: Rs. 288090.00

  • Amount utilised for Travel: Rs. 218901.00

  • Amount utilised for Other Expenses: 188986.00

  • Amount utilised for Overheads: Rs. 2730000.00

Equipment and facilities


1. HPLC Pumps - for Fuel and Water Supply
2. Mass Flow Controllers - for flow control of various Gases
3. National Instruments Data Acquisition System and Auxiliaries
4. UPS- for Control systems and valves

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