Decrease size
Reset to Default
Increase size

Smart water solutions in agriculture: Integration of Sensors, Satellite & ICT tools

Primary Information

Domain

Water Resources & River Systems

Project No.

6974

Sanction and Project Initiation

Sanction No:

Sanction Date:

Project Initiation date: 01/10/2017

Project Duration: 36

Partner Ministry/Agency/Industry

Ministry of HRD / Robert Bosch Engineering & Business Solution / Satyukt

 

Role of partner:1. Hardware Implementation 2. Data Analytics 3. Satellite Services 4. Cloud Based Services 5. Decision Support System

 

Support from partner:

Principal Investigator

PI Image

Prof. Sekhar MudduPrimary
Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore

Host Institute

Co-PIs

PI Image

Rajendra Nath Goswami
Robert Bosch Engineering & Business Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

 

Scope and Objectives

To develop a decision support system, which utilizes a framework that combines microwave satellite observations (soil moisture and crop variables) with terrestrial data captured from network of IoT enabled soil sensors to provide smart solutions for Agriculture with applications into the area of water management

Deliverables

 

Project image
Project image
Project image

Scientific Output

The network of soil sensors deployed for this project utilizes LoRA (Low Power Long Range) wireless communication, which enables formation of a cluster of 5 soil sensors within a radius of 250m from a central plot. The central gateway is a solar powered device which communicates with portable battery operated soil sensors nodes wirelessly and transmit the soil moisture data to the cloud. The nodes provide the flexibility to be moved around the plot as when required during the cropping season. The ability to have a soil moisture data from multiple farms surrounding the central gateway provides robust spatial average of the soil moisture in the region almost real time similar to very expensive cosmic/gamma ray sensors utilized for satellite soil moisture calibration

 

Results and outcome till date

The network of soil sensors deployed for this project utilizes LoRA (Low Power Long Range) wireless communication, which enables the formation of a cluster of 5 soil sensors within a radius of 250m from a central plot. The central gateway is a solar powered device which communicates with portable battery operated soil sensors nodes wirelessly and transmit the soil moisture data to the cloud. The nodes provide the flexibility to be moved around the plot as when required during the cropping season. The ability to have a soil moisture data from multiple farms surrounding the central gateway provides robust spatial average of the soil moisture in the region almost real time similar to very expensive cosmic/gamma ray sensors utilized for satellite soil moisture calibration. The field sensor data is combined with the multi-satellite soil moisture data to provide information at a large scale. Currently, soil moisture is available at 20 m for Chamarajanagar district, Karnataka nad at 500 m for entire Karnataka state.

Project image
Project image

 

Societal benefit and impact anticipated

 

Next steps

 

Publications and reports

 

Patents

 

Scholars and Project Staff

 

Challenges faced

 

Other information

Further, information is available at the DSS webpage: https://agritech.boschindia.com/imprint/

Financial Information

  • Total sanction: Rs. 33808000

  • Amount received: Rs. 12836000

  • Amount utilised for Equipment: Rs. 8048130

  • Amount utilised for Manpower: Rs. 109200

  • Amount utilised for Consumables: Rs. 0

  • Amount utilised for Contingency: Rs. 126267

  • Amount utilised for Travel: Rs. 0

  • Amount utilised for Other Expenses: 500000

  • Amount utilised for Overheads: Rs. 2567200

Equipment and facilities

13 soil moisture clusters are installed in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka state. Each cluster contains a network of sensors in different farm plots to capture the spatial variation in soil, crop and farming practices. A DSS (decision support system) is set up in the cloud which can be accessed from the web and mobile app. The app is being used by the farmers and other stakeholders (e.g. agriculture departments, watershed departments).