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Manufacturing Solutions for the Preparation of Siddha Medicines (Traditional Medicines Originated from Tamilnadu)

Primary Information



Project No.


Sanction and Project Initiation

Sanction No: 3-18/2015-TS-TS.1

Sanction Date: 29/11/2016

Project Initiation date: 29/09/2017

Project Duration: 36

Partner Ministry/Agency/Industry

SKM Siddha and Ayurveda Company ( India) Limited, Erode


Role of partner:Provide access to the manufacturing unit and allow to acquire measurable data while manufacturing drugs.


Support from partner:

Principal Investigator

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Dr S Senthilvelan
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Host Institute


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Dr S Kanagaraj
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

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Prof P S Robi
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

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Prof. Kannan Pakshirajan
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

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Prof G Pugazhenthi
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

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Prof R Gnanamoorthy
Indian Institute of Information Technology Design & Manufacturing (IIITD&M) Kancheepuram

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Dr P Selva Shanmugam
Siddha Consultant Physician

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Dr J Raamachandran
(Retd.) Indian Institute of Technology Madras

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Prof R A Kalaivani
Vels University

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Prof G Pugazhenthi
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati


Scope and Objectives

Improvement of pudam process, Processing of toxic seeds, serankottai and servalam, Preparation of Cirattai thailam, Sivanar vembu kuli thailam using kuzhi thaila karuvi, Preparation of Mayana thailam using mezhugu thial karuvi, Preparation of Anda thailam using kuppi puda karuvi, Improvement of Valuka yandra for Poorna chandthirodhyam process & Rasa chendooram, Modern distillation set up for salt based thiravagams and jeyaneer in lieu of traditional mud apparatus, thirivaga vaalai yanthira.


Replacement of pudam by a unique anaerobic all side heating furnace, Replacement of traditional kuzhi thaila karuvi (used to prepare ciratai thailam, siv kuzhi thailam) with the modern simple device.


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Scientific Output

Temperature, pressure and heating rate has been obtained related to the pudam process. To replace the cowdung cake fuel we have explored other fuels like LPG, Kerosene, Electrical furnace, etc. Grinding unit have been obtained and possibilities to replicate the existing Kalvam process is explored.


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Results and outcome till date

Experiment were conducted at SKM industry inside the pit for the medicine Padigara Parpam to find out the heating and cooling rates during the process. The data collected


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Societal benefit and impact anticipated

India is well known for its traditional medicines including siddha, aurveda and unani. However, in the present day, these traditional medicines are losing their importance due to many reasons. One of the major reasons is the lack of scientific understanding of the traditional method of manufacturing. Unlike the modern allopathy system of medicine, the siddha medicines were not evolved with the support of various expert people from different domain including, pharmacy, medicine, and engineering. By designing and manufacturing appropriate processing devices with required instrumentation and by employing the latest engineering manufacturing practices in medicine preparation, high quality medicine can be prepared at mass production level. The standardized manufacturing method helps to prepare standardize the medicine quality and increase the reliability of medicine.

Next steps

To perform the same experiments as done in pudam process with the known parameters like temperature and heating rate in the Furnace. Replacement of Kalvam process with the grinding unit knowing the parameters like velocity, contact area and thereby development of medicine through it. Development of crushing unit for Cherratai Thailam Process. Understanding the other different traditional medicine processes.

Publications and reports

Not yet done


Not yet

Scholars and Project Staff

Chayanika Bordoloi, JRF, August 2019 Karthick Nag, Assistant Project Engineer, September 2019

Challenges faced


Other information


Financial Information

  • Total sanction: Rs. 57,98,496

  • Amount received: Rs. 44,90,000

  • Amount utilised for Equipment: Rs. 10,35,272

  • Amount utilised for Manpower: Rs. 10,91,552

  • Amount utilised for Consumables: Rs. 2,19,982

  • Amount utilised for Contingency: Rs. 20,234

  • Amount utilised for Travel: Rs. 1,51,145

  • Amount utilised for Other Expenses: 1,53,093

  • Amount utilised for Overheads: Rs. 7,48,333

Equipment and facilities


Data Acquisition System, Kiln , Infra red Camera

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