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PROPAGATION AND MITIGATION MODEL OF MIXED ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE FOR PLANNING OF MID-SIZED INDIAN CITIES

Primary Information

Domain

Sustainable Habitat

Project No.

4583

Sanction and Project Initiation

Sanction No: 4583

Sanction Date: 3/5/2017

Project Initiation date: 1/9/2017

Project Duration: 36

Partner Ministry/Agency/Industry

Ministry of Urban Development

 

Role of partner: To fund the Project for obtaining important recommendations for the planning of mid-sized Indian cities for safety from road traffic noise through propagation and mitigation models.

 

Support from partner: Half of the Project funding.

Principal Investigator

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Dr. BRIND KUMAR
Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi

Host Institute

Co-PIs

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Prof. Manoranjan Parida
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee

 

Scope and Objectives

To make assessment of road traffic noise propagation; plotting of horizontal and vertical profile of noise signature; survey of community response; and analysis of data for model development for three Indian mid-sized cities of Kanpur, Varanasi and Gorakhpur having similar traffic & geophysical conditions and noise enviroscape with a view to propose suggestions for noise mitigation in urban planning.

Deliverables

The deliverables include the development of road traffic noise propagation and mitigation model on the horizontal and vertical scale for mixed traffic operation in three mid-sized cities of Kanpur, Varanasi and Gorakhpur having similar geophysical road transport apparatus and noise enviroscape. These models shall be used by town planners to decide the location of various land-use in mid-sized Indian cities for safety from traffic noise. Models developed in the past with low volume data till 2004 shall be judged for their efficacy.

 

Scientific Output

The work is progressed on the basis of the hypothesis that: Roadside noise due to traffic = REMEL+Adjustments. REMEL is due to the collective contribution from all vehicle types in the traffic mix. Adjustments may appear due to specific site conditions like distance, gradient, geometry, weather, facade properties, observer height from the noise source, traffic density, honking, community noise, pavement type etc.

 

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Results and outcome till date

The Reference Mean Emission Level (REMEL) studies for Varanasi and Kanpur study area is in progress. land-use different incompatible vehicle types are identified through a meeting of experts in this area available in the country. REMEL studies for each of these vehicle types based on adequate field data for facilitating Gaussian distribution is in progress since each of these vehicle types contributes to the overall generation of road traffic noise.

 

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Societal benefit and impact anticipated

Present work shall be a sort of comprehensive work of its type first time in the country depicting the horizontal and vertical contours of noise signature across the city landscape making vital suggestions that may help urban planning of mid-sized cities. The magnitude and scale of data envisaged in this project were not attempted anytime earlier. The work may set footprints for undertaking similar studies for other urban habitats of differing geo-environmental scale.

Next steps

1. To start work at Gorakhpur study area after putting logistics in place.
2. To start land-use study at Kanpur and Varanasi.

Publications and reports

Not yet.

The work does not envisage grant of Patents.

Not yet

Scholars and Project Staff

1-PhD fellow engaged by IIT-Roorkee
2-Project fellow engaged by IIT (BHU)
2-Helper staff engaged by IIT (BHU)
1-Data Entry Operator engaged by IIT (BHU)

Challenges faced

Late start of the Project by one year.

Other information

It is a wonderful experience to work with a collective team from two IITs. The Project has enabled networking, participation and sharing of experiences of all stakeholders and resource persons in the country to converge on an important issue concerning town-planning and better health of the urban population from the menaces of road traffic noise pollution. The possible benefeciaries like the Development Authorities, Municipal Corporations, Awas Vikas Parishad etc. are rendering full cooperation and eagerly looking forward to the recommendations of this project.

Financial Information

  • Total sanction: Rs. 3,38,000,00

  • Amount received: Rs. 2,06,56,750

  • Amount utilised for Equipment: Rs. 44,40,581

  • Amount utilised for Manpower: Rs. 12,35,511

  • Amount utilised for Consumables: Rs. 50,507

  • Amount utilised for Contingency: Rs. 58,113

  • Amount utilised for Travel: Rs. 4,66,998

  • Amount utilised for Other Expenses: 3,14,998

  • Amount utilised for Overheads: Rs. 0

Equipment and facilities

 

Sound Level Meter with triaxial accelerometer - 6 Nos.
Computer workstation - 3 Nos.
Laptop for field work - 3 Nos.
Printer with scanner A3 size - 1 No.